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5 Programming languages every programmer should know

Sun Jun 20 2021  ·  


 ·  4 min read
Programming languages



What is a programming language?

A programming language is a formal computer language including a set of sequences that produce various kinds of machine code output. Programming languages are a kind of computer language and are used in computer programming to apply algorithms.

Top programming languages every programmer should know

1. Python

Python is one of the most frequently used programming languages presently. It is one of those languages which can be used as a scripting language as well as a proper object-oriented language for large projects.

This programming language is a free, open-source language with vast support modules and community development, easy assimilation with web services, user-friendly data structures, and GUI-based desktop applications. It is a popular programming language for machine learning and deep learning applications.

2. Java

Java is one of the experts in the programming language field and has been a guru for more than two decades. It is successful to date because of its flexible nature. Any code on Java after compilation can be re-compiled into another low-level language. The best part about this programming language is that it can run on any device which supports Java Virtual Machine.

Java Programming Language

Java is very popular for beginners; many programming language courses offer it as the initial chapter. It is also helping all other mobile application development companies in India by helping in developing an android based application, which is only anticipated to rise given a large number of Android users in the country as well as globally. The mobile application development in India depends on Java and other high-level languages. This is owing to the tough competition and customer demand.

3. C and/or C++

One cannot be called a “programmer” without knowing C or C++.  Software engineers or developers who know C are simply superior to programmers who do not know this particular programming language.

C is still the most desired language for system programming, and it has given Java very strong competition in the past few years.


C++ on the other hand is the progressive version of C and has evident advantages over its forerunners. It can process computer graphics which can help in expanding virtual reality and video games.

4. Scala

Scala is a high-level, multi-concept programming language. It has emerged as one of the most powerful Java alternatives.

Scala programming is based on java, so if a programmer wishes to know about Java syntax, then, it is easy to learn this language. Also, if the programmer is not aware of java and has knowledge in other programming languages like C, C++, or Python, then, it will help in grasping Scala concepts swiftly.

Scala Programming language

Studying programming languages that offer different paradigms is the best way to improve your programming skills as a programmer as they will further help in doing the day-to-day tasks effectively.

Superlatively, a programmer's toolset should include one language which is close to the system, For example, C or C++, one object-oriented language such as Java, Python or C++,  a functional programming language like Scala or Haskell, and one powerful scripting language like Perl, Python or Ruby, and JavaScript.

5. Java Scripts

JavaScript and software developers go hand in hand. It is the most popular language among programmers for over half a decade.

Now JavaScript can combine with HTML and CSS. This will help with front-end software development. This strong programming language will help immensely in custom web development services to create pages for websites that are communicating and user-friendly. JavaScript is a programmer-friendly language and endures errors by providing a predictive correction. Furthermore, it runs on almost all web browsers.

In terms of popularity, nothing can match the level of JavaScript. Outperforming even HTML among professional programmers, JavaScript is useful for both frontend and backend development. Moreover, JavaScript is also suiting a go-to language for the Internet of Things (IoT) development. Alongside HTML and CSS, JavaScript is considered a core technology that superpowers the World Wide Web. JavaScript is frequently used as a client-side scripting language written into an HTML page.


It can be difficult for beginner programmers to focus on so many languages and attain expertise on all of them. But the above-stated languages are simple, and programmer-oriented built to help them and the mobile app development solutions to build smooth and less buggy software for clients/customers. Technology is progressing ahead at the speed of light but still, it depends heavily on codes that can be written in programming languages, and which only ensure years of success for the programmer.


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