DevOps is a term that’s often misunderstood. While some people believe that DevOps is only a collaboration of dev and ops, the term actually refers to the system and processes put into practice to enhance team collaboration in any type of business, large or small.
DevOps has come a long way and has created considerable authority in the field of software development. Every organization today wants to adopt this and move forward in the industry. But there are some Dos and Don’ts that follow along. Let us explore some of these dos and don’ts for a successful Devops for your organization.
Dos for a successful Devops
Establish Direct Communication Between All Stakeholders
DevOps is a software engineering practice and a culture of efficient collaboration and effortless communication. So, all stakeholders of the DevOps process, not just the DevOps team, should be able to efficiently communicate with each other. By stakeholders here, I refer to product owners, business and technical architects, developers, security, operations, UX designers, testers, project managers, Scrum masters, etc.
To establish direct communication between all stakeholders, considering ChatOps can be a good idea, a practice of using chat clients, chatbots, and real-time communication tools to enable how tasks are communicated and executed.
DevOps is all about a team effort! If any stakeholder is prohibited from discussing new ideas, assessing feedback, or working on implementing changes, the IT organization becomes more probable to fail.
Do develop a culture of ownership, collaboration, information sharing, and empowerment
DevOps, similar to Agile, is built on a foundation of self-forming teams that collaborate, share information, and are encouraged to make technical decisions to achieve success. Creating a culture of collaboration and information sharing can be difficult for many organizations as knowledge and information are often seen as tools for empire building for knowledge hoarders. A successful DevOps transformation incentives behavior that encourages collaboration and discourages disunion. Optimization of flow between teams cannot be accomplished if trust and information are absent.
Do incorporate automated testing
Test-driven development and automated testing are foundations to a comprehensive continuous integration and continuous delivery pipeline. SCRUM iterations of one to two weeks providing a software increment will quickly overwhelm any manual QA test effort and create a bottleneck. Combining automated testing will improve quality and assist in optimizing flow. Ultimately the goal for incorporating automated testing is to help create quality at the source.
Do Prioritize Culture, Not Tools
DevOps cannot be implemented unless you approach it as a cultural change from the very start. But it is also important that you should focus on people and concrete tasks they do, not on tools that are required for the shift to DevOps.
Although, Tools are important, particularly when it comes to DevOps automation, but people are still at the core of DevOps. Should they fail to work as a team on one common goal; to deliver innovation and value to the end-user, your organization will never succeed in DevOps.
Sadly, it does not work that way. You need to teach DevOps culture first into communication, collaboration, feedback collection and analysis, and so on. Introduce change gradually to let employees re-evaluate and re-assess how they do things and to slowly transition to DevOps.
Don’ts for a successful Devop
Don’t make it all about technology
Let us go back to the main directive of DevOps, which is to optimize flow of the entire system. Flow optimization is not all about automation, it can also be about processes, decisions, and other factors. A technology first attempt to optimization can result in wasted efforts that might have just as easily been resolved by changing a process.
Don’t Start It All from Scratch
DevOps is a practice and culture with its own set of rules, principles, and best practices. However, they are not set in stone. Throwing the team’s experience in the dustbin for the sake of following what other organizations do is simply stupid!
DevOps isn’t about starting it all from scratch. In reality, it is just the opposite! Start off your DevOps journey based on your pre-existing routines. They might not be perfect, but you can always build better practices on top of them, rather than upsetting the whole process for nothing.
Don’t expect immediate results
Few things take the wind out of a transformational effort quicker than discouragement. Culture shifts, building trust and investing for the long haul take time to build energy. Optimizing flow by identification of constraints may uncover even bigger constraints than primarily identified. Hence, stay focused on identifying and remediating the primary constraint, and the momentum will build.
Don’t Forget About Security
DevOps is all about speed. Processes are aligned and automated so that software could constantly be delivered to customers. Yet, there is a considerable flaw here.
While DevOps professionals are OK about automating material for the sake of faster releases, infosec teams are not really in with the idea. To start with, security tools are quite complex to automate and fuse into DevOps. Then, DevOps pros deal with cloud and containers, which bring many security concerns and not-so-positive challenges to the table.